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Tue, Nov 25, 2014
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Cretan Cuisine

Cretan cuisine (Κρητική κουζίνα)

We appreciate that the traditional Cretan diet is known as being one of the healthiest in the world. Several studies have been carried out to test the effect of Cretan cuisine on human health. The island had attracted the attention of the scientific community as early as 1948.

Cretan cuisine is the traditional cuisine of the Mediterranean island of Crete.

The core of the cuisine consists of food derived from natural sources, whereas food of animal origin was more peripheral in nature. In general, people consumed seasonal products, available in the wider local area, which underwent minimal processing or none at all. The traditional cuisine was widespread in the island until the 1960s.

Fresh and dried fruits, pulses, endemic wild herbs and aromatic plants, and rough cereals, whose cultivation was favored by the regional climate, were consumed in great amounts and constituted the base of the Cretan cuisine during that period. Dairy products were consumed on a daily basis in low to moderate quantities. Poultry and fish were consumed on a weekly basis in moderate quantities, whereas red meat was consumed only a few times a month. The main supply of fat was effectuated by olive oil, which was used not only in salads but also in cooking. Another essential feature of the Cretan cuisine was the moderate use of alcohol, mainly red wine which accompanied meals. Finally, the most common dessert was fresh fruits, while traditional pastry based on honey had been consumed a few times a week.

Initially, the protective effect of the Cretan cuisine for human health was attributed to its high monounsaturated fat content, due to the daily use of olive oil, as well as to low saturated fat, due to the low consumption of red meat. Today it is recognized that this particular nutritional scheme possesses important additional features, providing the necessary micro-constituents (i.e. vitamins and minerals), being rich in ω-3 fatty acids, vegetable fibers, antioxidants and various photochemical, which have significant influence on several body functions, and a beneficial effect on health.

So now we will look at the actual recipies used in Crete and the wider area of Greece, if anyone has a favourite recipe that they would like published please send it to us, and we will publish it for you.

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Title Hits
Stuffed Courgettes (Γεμιστά Κολοκυθάκια) 7118
Salad Omelette (σαλάτα ομελέτα) 2233
Village Chicken with Sage (Κοτόπουλο Village με Φασκόμηλο) 4773
Bakaliaros Tiganitos (μπακαλιάρος tiganitos) 1997
Macaroni with hot sauce (Μακαρόνια με καυτερή σάλτσα) 2185
Sticky Lemon Curd Cake (κολλώδης κέικ λεμόνι πηγμένο γάλα για τυρί) 1954
Lasagna With Steamed Spinach and Roasted Courgette (Λαζάνια με σπανάκι στον ατμό και ψητό κολοκύθι) 2075
Chicken Burgers with Tzatziki (Μπιφτέκια κοτόπουλου με Τζατζίκι) 1148
Keftedes (Κεφτεδάκια) 863
Baked Feta Cheese with Oregano (Ψητή Φέτα με Ρίγανη) 776
Chicken & Chickpea Salad (Κοτόπουλο και ρεβίθια σαλάτα) 1518
Giant beans in the oven (Φασόλια γίγαντες στο φούρνο) 995
Honey yogurt cheesecake (Μέλι τσεισκέικ γιαούρτι) 940
Greek Peas with Tomato and Dill (Ελληνική Αρακάς με ντομάτα και άνηθο) 1297
Pasta with Tomato Sauce and Feta (Ζυμαρικά με σάλτσα ντομάτας και φέτα) 1998
Sweet Cheese Pastries (καλιτσούνια Κρήτης) 532
Souvlaki (σουβλάκι) 898
Fava (Pease Pudding) (φάβα) 487
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 559
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 433
Dakos: Cretan Meze (Ντάκος: Κρητικό μεζέ) 919
Garlic Pasta Salad (Το σκόρδο σαλάτα ζυμαρικών) 1293
Custard Pie (Πίτα κρέμας) 950
Fava (φάβα) 875
Chicken in Lemon Sauce (Κοτόπουλο λεμονάτο) 1431
Pastitsio (Παστίτσιο) 857
Halvas (Χαλβάς) 979
Fish Pie (Πίτα Ψάρια) 1269
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 922
Afelia (Αφέλια) 1048
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 634
Okra and Potatoes in Tomato Sauce (Μπάμιες και πατάτες σε σάλτσα ντομάτας) 1266
Rabbit Stew (Κουνέλι Στιφάδο) 574
Cheese Pie (τυρόπιτα) 597
Hortopita (Χορτόπιτα) 541
Bean soup (φασολάδα) 652
Tuna and Spinach Pasta Bake (Τόνος και Σπανάκι Ζυμαρικά Ψήστε) 1411
Dolmades (Stuffed Vine Leaves) (Ντολμάδες (ντολμαδάκια)) 551
Clementine and Cinnamon Layer Cake (Clementine και Κανέλα στρώμα κέικ) 515
Soutzoukakia Smyrneika (Σουτζουκάκια Σμυρνέικα) 661
Spiced Olive Oil Cake (Πικάντικη Ελαιόλαδο κέικ) 484
Moussaka (μουσακάς) 908

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