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Wed, Aug 27, 2014
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Cretan Cuisine

Cretan cuisine (Κρητική κουζίνα)

We appreciate that the traditional Cretan diet is known as being one of the healthiest in the world. Several studies have been carried out to test the effect of Cretan cuisine on human health. The island had attracted the attention of the scientific community as early as 1948.

Cretan cuisine is the traditional cuisine of the Mediterranean island of Crete.

The core of the cuisine consists of food derived from natural sources, whereas food of animal origin was more peripheral in nature. In general, people consumed seasonal products, available in the wider local area, which underwent minimal processing or none at all. The traditional cuisine was widespread in the island until the 1960s.

Fresh and dried fruits, pulses, endemic wild herbs and aromatic plants, and rough cereals, whose cultivation was favored by the regional climate, were consumed in great amounts and constituted the base of the Cretan cuisine during that period. Dairy products were consumed on a daily basis in low to moderate quantities. Poultry and fish were consumed on a weekly basis in moderate quantities, whereas red meat was consumed only a few times a month. The main supply of fat was effectuated by olive oil, which was used not only in salads but also in cooking. Another essential feature of the Cretan cuisine was the moderate use of alcohol, mainly red wine which accompanied meals. Finally, the most common dessert was fresh fruits, while traditional pastry based on honey had been consumed a few times a week.

Initially, the protective effect of the Cretan cuisine for human health was attributed to its high monounsaturated fat content, due to the daily use of olive oil, as well as to low saturated fat, due to the low consumption of red meat. Today it is recognized that this particular nutritional scheme possesses important additional features, providing the necessary micro-constituents (i.e. vitamins and minerals), being rich in ω-3 fatty acids, vegetable fibers, antioxidants and various photochemical, which have significant influence on several body functions, and a beneficial effect on health.

So now we will look at the actual recipies used in Crete and the wider area of Greece, if anyone has a favourite recipe that they would like published please send it to us, and we will publish it for you.

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Title Hits
Stuffed Courgettes (Γεμιστά Κολοκυθάκια) 6890
Salad Omelette (σαλάτα ομελέτα) 2014
Village Chicken with Sage (Κοτόπουλο Village με Φασκόμηλο) 4608
Bakaliaros Tiganitos (μπακαλιάρος tiganitos) 1790
Macaroni with hot sauce (Μακαρόνια με καυτερή σάλτσα) 2022
Sticky Lemon Curd Cake (κολλώδης κέικ λεμόνι πηγμένο γάλα για τυρί) 1773
Lasagna With Steamed Spinach and Roasted Courgette (Λαζάνια με σπανάκι στον ατμό και ψητό κολοκύθι) 1921
Chicken Burgers with Tzatziki (Μπιφτέκια κοτόπουλου με Τζατζίκι) 988
Keftedes (Κεφτεδάκια) 696
Baked Feta Cheese with Oregano (Ψητή Φέτα με Ρίγανη) 609
Chicken & Chickpea Salad (Κοτόπουλο και ρεβίθια σαλάτα) 1378
Giant beans in the oven (Φασόλια γίγαντες στο φούρνο) 825
Honey yogurt cheesecake (Μέλι τσεισκέικ γιαούρτι) 764
Greek Peas with Tomato and Dill (Ελληνική Αρακάς με ντομάτα και άνηθο) 1164
Pasta with Tomato Sauce and Feta (Ζυμαρικά με σάλτσα ντομάτας και φέτα) 1876
Sweet Cheese Pastries (καλιτσούνια Κρήτης) 338
Souvlaki (σουβλάκι) 692
Fava (Pease Pudding) (φάβα) 296
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 319
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 272
Dakos: Cretan Meze (Ντάκος: Κρητικό μεζέ) 771
Garlic Pasta Salad (Το σκόρδο σαλάτα ζυμαρικών) 1145
Custard Pie (Πίτα κρέμας) 752
Fava (φάβα) 721
Chicken in Lemon Sauce (Κοτόπουλο λεμονάτο) 1253
Pastitsio (Παστίτσιο) 685
Halvas (Χαλβάς) 769
Fish Pie (Πίτα Ψάρια) 1046
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 798
Afelia (Αφέλια) 883
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 538
Okra and Potatoes in Tomato Sauce (Μπάμιες και πατάτες σε σάλτσα ντομάτας) 1094
Rabbit Stew (Κουνέλι Στιφάδο) 397
Cheese Pie (τυρόπιτα) 390
Hortopita (Χορτόπιτα) 398
Bean soup (φασολάδα) 472
Tuna and Spinach Pasta Bake (Τόνος και Σπανάκι Ζυμαρικά Ψήστε) 1207
Dolmades (Stuffed Vine Leaves) (Ντολμάδες (ντολμαδάκια)) 369
Clementine and Cinnamon Layer Cake (Clementine και Κανέλα στρώμα κέικ) 354
Soutzoukakia Smyrneika (Σουτζουκάκια Σμυρνέικα) 414
Spiced Olive Oil Cake (Πικάντικη Ελαιόλαδο κέικ) 349
Moussaka (μουσακάς) 643

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