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Cretan Cuisine

Cretan cuisine (Κρητική κουζίνα)

We appreciate that the traditional Cretan diet is known as being one of the healthiest in the world. Several studies have been carried out to test the effect of Cretan cuisine on human health. The island had attracted the attention of the scientific community as early as 1948.

Cretan cuisine is the traditional cuisine of the Mediterranean island of Crete.

The core of the cuisine consists of food derived from natural sources, whereas food of animal origin was more peripheral in nature. In general, people consumed seasonal products, available in the wider local area, which underwent minimal processing or none at all. The traditional cuisine was widespread in the island until the 1960s.

Fresh and dried fruits, pulses, endemic wild herbs and aromatic plants, and rough cereals, whose cultivation was favored by the regional climate, were consumed in great amounts and constituted the base of the Cretan cuisine during that period. Dairy products were consumed on a daily basis in low to moderate quantities. Poultry and fish were consumed on a weekly basis in moderate quantities, whereas red meat was consumed only a few times a month. The main supply of fat was effectuated by olive oil, which was used not only in salads but also in cooking. Another essential feature of the Cretan cuisine was the moderate use of alcohol, mainly red wine which accompanied meals. Finally, the most common dessert was fresh fruits, while traditional pastry based on honey had been consumed a few times a week.

Initially, the protective effect of the Cretan cuisine for human health was attributed to its high monounsaturated fat content, due to the daily use of olive oil, as well as to low saturated fat, due to the low consumption of red meat. Today it is recognized that this particular nutritional scheme possesses important additional features, providing the necessary micro-constituents (i.e. vitamins and minerals), being rich in ω-3 fatty acids, vegetable fibers, antioxidants and various photochemical, which have significant influence on several body functions, and a beneficial effect on health.

So now we will look at the actual recipies used in Crete and the wider area of Greece, if anyone has a favourite recipe that they would like published please send it to us, and we will publish it for you.

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Stuffed Courgettes (Γεμιστά Κολοκυθάκια) 10368
Salad Omelette (σαλάτα ομελέτα) 5450
Village Chicken with Sage (Κοτόπουλο Village με Φασκόμηλο) 7632
Bakaliaros Tiganitos (μπακαλιάρος tiganitos) 5309
Macaroni with hot sauce (Μακαρόνια με καυτερή σάλτσα) 5007
Sticky Lemon Curd Cake (κολλώδης κέικ λεμόνι πηγμένο γάλα για τυρί) 4851
Lasagna With Steamed Spinach and Roasted Courgette (Λαζάνια με σπανάκι στον ατμό και ψητό κολοκύθι) 5015
Chicken Burgers with Tzatziki (Μπιφτέκια κοτόπουλου με Τζατζίκι) 4031
Keftedes (Κεφτεδάκια) 3964
Baked Feta Cheese with Oregano (Ψητή Φέτα με Ρίγανη) 3545
Chicken & Chickpea Salad (Κοτόπουλο και ρεβίθια σαλάτα) 4220
Giant beans in the oven (Φασόλια γίγαντες στο φούρνο) 3876
Honey yogurt cheesecake (Μέλι τσεισκέικ γιαούρτι) 3647
Greek Peas with Tomato and Dill (Ελληνική Αρακάς με ντομάτα και άνηθο) 4142
Pasta with Tomato Sauce and Feta (Ζυμαρικά με σάλτσα ντομάτας και φέτα) 4755
Sweet Cheese Pastries (καλιτσούνια Κρήτης) 3475
Souvlaki (σουβλάκι) 4032
Fava (Pease Pudding) (φάβα) 3486
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 5333
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 4758
Dakos: Cretan Meze (Ντάκος: Κρητικό μεζέ) 3853
Garlic Pasta Salad (Το σκόρδο σαλάτα ζυμαρικών) 4071
Custard Pie (Πίτα κρέμας) 3981
Fava (φάβα) 3617
Chicken in Lemon Sauce (Κοτόπουλο λεμονάτο) 4441
Pastitsio (Παστίτσιο) 3718
Halvas (Χαλβάς) 4895
Fish Pie (Πίτα Ψάρια) 5114
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 3776
Afelia (Αφέλια) 5716
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 3139
Okra and Potatoes in Tomato Sauce (Μπάμιες και πατάτες σε σάλτσα ντομάτας) 5822
Rabbit Stew (Κουνέλι Στιφάδο) 4178
Cheese Pie (τυρόπιτα) 4220
Hortopita (Χορτόπιτα) 4199
Bean soup (φασολάδα) 4567
Tuna and Spinach Pasta Bake (Τόνος και Σπανάκι Ζυμαρικά Ψήστε) 5631
Dolmades (Stuffed Vine Leaves) (Ντολμάδες (ντολμαδάκια)) 4207
Clementine and Cinnamon Layer Cake (Clementine και Κανέλα στρώμα κέικ) 3938
Soutzoukakia Smyrneika (Σουτζουκάκια Σμυρνέικα) 6353
Spiced Olive Oil Cake (Πικάντικη Ελαιόλαδο κέικ) 4088
Moussaka (μουσακάς) 6236

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