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Cretan Cuisine

Cretan cuisine (Κρητική κουζίνα)

We appreciate that the traditional Cretan diet is known as being one of the healthiest in the world. Several studies have been carried out to test the effect of Cretan cuisine on human health. The island had attracted the attention of the scientific community as early as 1948.

Cretan cuisine is the traditional cuisine of the Mediterranean island of Crete.

The core of the cuisine consists of food derived from natural sources, whereas food of animal origin was more peripheral in nature. In general, people consumed seasonal products, available in the wider local area, which underwent minimal processing or none at all. The traditional cuisine was widespread in the island until the 1960s.

Fresh and dried fruits, pulses, endemic wild herbs and aromatic plants, and rough cereals, whose cultivation was favored by the regional climate, were consumed in great amounts and constituted the base of the Cretan cuisine during that period. Dairy products were consumed on a daily basis in low to moderate quantities. Poultry and fish were consumed on a weekly basis in moderate quantities, whereas red meat was consumed only a few times a month. The main supply of fat was effectuated by olive oil, which was used not only in salads but also in cooking. Another essential feature of the Cretan cuisine was the moderate use of alcohol, mainly red wine which accompanied meals. Finally, the most common dessert was fresh fruits, while traditional pastry based on honey had been consumed a few times a week.

Initially, the protective effect of the Cretan cuisine for human health was attributed to its high monounsaturated fat content, due to the daily use of olive oil, as well as to low saturated fat, due to the low consumption of red meat. Today it is recognized that this particular nutritional scheme possesses important additional features, providing the necessary micro-constituents (i.e. vitamins and minerals), being rich in ω-3 fatty acids, vegetable fibers, antioxidants and various photochemical, which have significant influence on several body functions, and a beneficial effect on health.

So now we will look at the actual recipies used in Crete and the wider area of Greece, if anyone has a favourite recipe that they would like published please send it to us, and we will publish it for you.

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Stuffed Courgettes (Γεμιστά Κολοκυθάκια) 8346
Salad Omelette (σαλάτα ομελέτα) 3423
Village Chicken with Sage (Κοτόπουλο Village με Φασκόμηλο) 5889
Bakaliaros Tiganitos (μπακαλιάρος tiganitos) 3200
Macaroni with hot sauce (Μακαρόνια με καυτερή σάλτσα) 3221
Sticky Lemon Curd Cake (κολλώδης κέικ λεμόνι πηγμένο γάλα για τυρί) 3100
Lasagna With Steamed Spinach and Roasted Courgette (Λαζάνια με σπανάκι στον ατμό και ψητό κολοκύθι) 3092
Chicken Burgers with Tzatziki (Μπιφτέκια κοτόπουλου με Τζατζίκι) 2224
Keftedes (Κεφτεδάκια) 2046
Baked Feta Cheese with Oregano (Ψητή Φέτα με Ρίγανη) 1808
Chicken & Chickpea Salad (Κοτόπουλο και ρεβίθια σαλάτα) 2477
Giant beans in the oven (Φασόλια γίγαντες στο φούρνο) 2161
Honey yogurt cheesecake (Μέλι τσεισκέικ γιαούρτι) 1906
Greek Peas with Tomato and Dill (Ελληνική Αρακάς με ντομάτα και άνηθο) 2331
Pasta with Tomato Sauce and Feta (Ζυμαρικά με σάλτσα ντομάτας και φέτα) 2989
Sweet Cheese Pastries (καλιτσούνια Κρήτης) 1717
Souvlaki (σουβλάκι) 2105
Fava (Pease Pudding) (φάβα) 1619
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 2157
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 1787
Dakos: Cretan Meze (Ντάκος: Κρητικό μεζέ) 2012
Garlic Pasta Salad (Το σκόρδο σαλάτα ζυμαρικών) 2247
Custard Pie (Πίτα κρέμας) 2117
Fava (φάβα) 1886
Chicken in Lemon Sauce (Κοτόπουλο λεμονάτο) 2539
Pastitsio (Παστίτσιο) 1947
Halvas (Χαλβάς) 2426
Fish Pie (Πίτα Ψάρια) 2698
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 1888
Afelia (Αφέλια) 2635
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 1469
Okra and Potatoes in Tomato Sauce (Μπάμιες και πατάτες σε σάλτσα ντομάτας) 2634
Rabbit Stew (Κουνέλι Στιφάδο) 1747
Cheese Pie (τυρόπιτα) 1931
Hortopita (Χορτόπιτα) 1829
Bean soup (φασολάδα) 1875
Tuna and Spinach Pasta Bake (Τόνος και Σπανάκι Ζυμαρικά Ψήστε) 2714
Dolmades (Stuffed Vine Leaves) (Ντολμάδες (ντολμαδάκια)) 1859
Clementine and Cinnamon Layer Cake (Clementine και Κανέλα στρώμα κέικ) 1695
Soutzoukakia Smyrneika (Σουτζουκάκια Σμυρνέικα) 3695
Spiced Olive Oil Cake (Πικάντικη Ελαιόλαδο κέικ) 1733
Moussaka (μουσακάς) 2583

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