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Cretan Cuisine

Cretan cuisine (Κρητική κουζίνα)

We appreciate that the traditional Cretan diet is known as being one of the healthiest in the world. Several studies have been carried out to test the effect of Cretan cuisine on human health. The island had attracted the attention of the scientific community as early as 1948.

Cretan cuisine is the traditional cuisine of the Mediterranean island of Crete.

The core of the cuisine consists of food derived from natural sources, whereas food of animal origin was more peripheral in nature. In general, people consumed seasonal products, available in the wider local area, which underwent minimal processing or none at all. The traditional cuisine was widespread in the island until the 1960s.

Fresh and dried fruits, pulses, endemic wild herbs and aromatic plants, and rough cereals, whose cultivation was favored by the regional climate, were consumed in great amounts and constituted the base of the Cretan cuisine during that period. Dairy products were consumed on a daily basis in low to moderate quantities. Poultry and fish were consumed on a weekly basis in moderate quantities, whereas red meat was consumed only a few times a month. The main supply of fat was effectuated by olive oil, which was used not only in salads but also in cooking. Another essential feature of the Cretan cuisine was the moderate use of alcohol, mainly red wine which accompanied meals. Finally, the most common dessert was fresh fruits, while traditional pastry based on honey had been consumed a few times a week.

Initially, the protective effect of the Cretan cuisine for human health was attributed to its high monounsaturated fat content, due to the daily use of olive oil, as well as to low saturated fat, due to the low consumption of red meat. Today it is recognized that this particular nutritional scheme possesses important additional features, providing the necessary micro-constituents (i.e. vitamins and minerals), being rich in ω-3 fatty acids, vegetable fibers, antioxidants and various photochemical, which have significant influence on several body functions, and a beneficial effect on health.

So now we will look at the actual recipies used in Crete and the wider area of Greece, if anyone has a favourite recipe that they would like published please send it to us, and we will publish it for you.

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Stuffed Courgettes (Γεμιστά Κολοκυθάκια) 7565
Salad Omelette (σαλάτα ομελέτα) 2654
Village Chicken with Sage (Κοτόπουλο Village με Φασκόμηλο) 5144
Bakaliaros Tiganitos (μπακαλιάρος tiganitos) 2414
Macaroni with hot sauce (Μακαρόνια με καυτερή σάλτσα) 2541
Sticky Lemon Curd Cake (κολλώδης κέικ λεμόνι πηγμένο γάλα για τυρί) 2303
Lasagna With Steamed Spinach and Roasted Courgette (Λαζάνια με σπανάκι στον ατμό και ψητό κολοκύθι) 2424
Chicken Burgers with Tzatziki (Μπιφτέκια κοτόπουλου με Τζατζίκι) 1494
Keftedes (Κεφτεδάκια) 1271
Baked Feta Cheese with Oregano (Ψητή Φέτα με Ρίγανη) 1136
Chicken & Chickpea Salad (Κοτόπουλο και ρεβίθια σαλάτα) 1830
Giant beans in the oven (Φασόλια γίγαντες στο φούρνο) 1368
Honey yogurt cheesecake (Μέλι τσεισκέικ γιαούρτι) 1307
Greek Peas with Tomato and Dill (Ελληνική Αρακάς με ντομάτα και άνηθο) 1661
Pasta with Tomato Sauce and Feta (Ζυμαρικά με σάλτσα ντομάτας και φέτα) 2309
Sweet Cheese Pastries (καλιτσούνια Κρήτης) 994
Souvlaki (σουβλάκι) 1369
Fava (Pease Pudding) (φάβα) 913
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 1142
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 948
Dakos: Cretan Meze (Ντάκος: Κρητικό μεζέ) 1366
Garlic Pasta Salad (Το σκόρδο σαλάτα ζυμαρικών) 1664
Custard Pie (Πίτα κρέμας) 1386
Fava (φάβα) 1251
Chicken in Lemon Sauce (Κοτόπουλο λεμονάτο) 1837
Pastitsio (Παστίτσιο) 1254
Halvas (Χαλβάς) 1480
Fish Pie (Πίτα Ψάρια) 1788
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 1231
Afelia (Αφέλια) 1662
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 895
Okra and Potatoes in Tomato Sauce (Μπάμιες και πατάτες σε σάλτσα ντομάτας) 1751
Rabbit Stew (Κουνέλι Στιφάδο) 1050
Cheese Pie (τυρόπιτα) 1158
Hortopita (Χορτόπιτα) 972
Bean soup (φασολάδα) 1139
Tuna and Spinach Pasta Bake (Τόνος και Σπανάκι Ζυμαρικά Ψήστε) 1861
Dolmades (Stuffed Vine Leaves) (Ντολμάδες (ντολμαδάκια)) 1087
Clementine and Cinnamon Layer Cake (Clementine και Κανέλα στρώμα κέικ) 946
Soutzoukakia Smyrneika (Σουτζουκάκια Σμυρνέικα) 1809
Spiced Olive Oil Cake (Πικάντικη Ελαιόλαδο κέικ) 961
Moussaka (μουσακάς) 1595

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