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Living in Crete Cretan Cuisine

Cretan cuisine (Κρητική κουζίνα)

We appreciate that the traditional Cretan diet is known as being one of the healthiest in the world. Several studies have been carried out to test the effect of Cretan cuisine on human health. The island had attracted the attention of the scientific community as early as 1948.

Cretan cuisine is the traditional cuisine of the Mediterranean island of Crete.

The core of the cuisine consists of food derived from natural sources, whereas food of animal origin was more peripheral in nature. In general, people consumed seasonal products, available in the wider local area, which underwent minimal processing or none at all. The traditional cuisine was widespread in the island until the 1960s.

Fresh and dried fruits, pulses, endemic wild herbs and aromatic plants, and rough cereals, whose cultivation was favored by the regional climate, were consumed in great amounts and constituted the base of the Cretan cuisine during that period. Dairy products were consumed on a daily basis in low to moderate quantities. Poultry and fish were consumed on a weekly basis in moderate quantities, whereas red meat was consumed only a few times a month. The main supply of fat was effectuated by olive oil, which was used not only in salads but also in cooking. Another essential feature of the Cretan cuisine was the moderate use of alcohol, mainly red wine which accompanied meals. Finally, the most common dessert was fresh fruits, while traditional pastry based on honey had been consumed a few times a week.

Initially, the protective effect of the Cretan cuisine for human health was attributed to its high monounsaturated fat content, due to the daily use of olive oil, as well as to low saturated fat, due to the low consumption of red meat. Today it is recognized that this particular nutritional scheme possesses important additional features, providing the necessary micro-constituents (i.e. vitamins and minerals), being rich in ω-3 fatty acids, vegetable fibers, antioxidants and various photochemical, which have significant influence on several body functions, and a beneficial effect on health.

So now we will look at the actual recipies used in Crete and the wider area of Greece, if anyone has a favourite recipe that they would like published please send it to us, and we will publish it for you.

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# Article Title Hits
1 Stuffed Courgettes (Γεμιστά Κολοκυθάκια) 3514
2 Salad Omelette (σαλάτα ομελέτα) 3481
3 Village Chicken with Sage (Κοτόπουλο Village με Φασκόμηλο) 14977
4 Bakaliaros Tiganitos (μπακαλιάρος tiganitos) 3180
5 Macaroni with hot sauce (Μακαρόνια με καυτερή σάλτσα) 3577
6 Sticky Lemon Curd Cake (κολλώδης κέικ λεμόνι πηγμένο γάλα για τυρί) 1819
7 Lasagna With Steamed Spinach and Roasted Courgette (Λαζάνια με σπανάκι στον ατμό και ψητό κολοκύθι) 1986
8 Chicken Burgers with Tzatziki (Μπιφτέκια κοτόπουλου με Τζατζίκι) 1079
9 Keftedes (Κεφτεδάκια) 789
10 Baked Feta Cheese with Oregano (Ψητή Φέτα με Ρίγανη) 599
11 Chicken & Chickpea Salad (Κοτόπουλο και ρεβίθια σαλάτα) 1374
12 Giant beans in the oven (Φασόλια γίγαντες στο φούρνο) 785
13 Honey yogurt cheesecake (Μέλι τσεισκέικ γιαούρτι) 727
14 Greek Peas with Tomato and Dill (Ελληνική Αρακάς με ντομάτα και άνηθο) 1223
15 Pasta with Tomato Sauce and Feta (Ζυμαρικά με σάλτσα ντομάτας και φέτα) 1884
16 Sweet Cheese Pastries (καλιτσούνια Κρήτης) 704
17 Souvlaki (σουβλάκι) 545
18 Dakos: Cretan Meze (Ντάκος: Κρητικό μεζέ) 650
19 Garlic Pasta Salad (Το σκόρδο σαλάτα ζυμαρικών) 1090
20 Custard Pie (Πίτα κρέμας) 676
21 Fava (φάβα) 642
22 Chicken in Lemon Sauce (Κοτόπουλο λεμονάτο) 1123
23 Pastitsio (Παστίτσιο) 580
24 Halvas (Χαλβάς) 631
25 Fish Pie (Πίτα Ψάρια) 964
26 Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 780
27 Afelia (Αφέλια) 830
28 Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 550
29 Okra and Potatoes in Tomato Sauce (Μπάμιες και πατάτες σε σάλτσα ντομάτας) 1191
30 Rabbit Stew (Κουνέλι Στιφάδο) 1033
31 Cheese Pie (τυρόπιτα) 1063
32 Hortopita (Χορτόπιτα) 873
33 Bean soup (φασολάδα) 1001
34 Tuna and Spinach Pasta Bake (Τόνος και Σπανάκι Ζυμαρικά Ψήστε) 2149
35 Dolmades (Stuffed Vine Leaves) (Ντολμάδες (ντολμαδάκια)) 902
36 Clementine and Cinnamon Layer Cake (Clementine και Κανέλα στρώμα κέικ) 794
37 Soutzoukakia Smyrneika (Σουτζουκάκια Σμυρνέικα) 973
38 Spiced Olive Oil Cake (Πικάντικη Ελαιόλαδο κέικ) 676
39 Moussaka (μουσακάς) 1537

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