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Cretan Cuisine

Cretan cuisine (Κρητική κουζίνα)

We appreciate that the traditional Cretan diet is known as being one of the healthiest in the world. Several studies have been carried out to test the effect of Cretan cuisine on human health. The island had attracted the attention of the scientific community as early as 1948.

Cretan cuisine is the traditional cuisine of the Mediterranean island of Crete.

The core of the cuisine consists of food derived from natural sources, whereas food of animal origin was more peripheral in nature. In general, people consumed seasonal products, available in the wider local area, which underwent minimal processing or none at all. The traditional cuisine was widespread in the island until the 1960s.

Fresh and dried fruits, pulses, endemic wild herbs and aromatic plants, and rough cereals, whose cultivation was favored by the regional climate, were consumed in great amounts and constituted the base of the Cretan cuisine during that period. Dairy products were consumed on a daily basis in low to moderate quantities. Poultry and fish were consumed on a weekly basis in moderate quantities, whereas red meat was consumed only a few times a month. The main supply of fat was effectuated by olive oil, which was used not only in salads but also in cooking. Another essential feature of the Cretan cuisine was the moderate use of alcohol, mainly red wine which accompanied meals. Finally, the most common dessert was fresh fruits, while traditional pastry based on honey had been consumed a few times a week.

Initially, the protective effect of the Cretan cuisine for human health was attributed to its high monounsaturated fat content, due to the daily use of olive oil, as well as to low saturated fat, due to the low consumption of red meat. Today it is recognized that this particular nutritional scheme possesses important additional features, providing the necessary micro-constituents (i.e. vitamins and minerals), being rich in ω-3 fatty acids, vegetable fibers, antioxidants and various photochemical, which have significant influence on several body functions, and a beneficial effect on health.

So now we will look at the actual recipies used in Crete and the wider area of Greece, if anyone has a favourite recipe that they would like published please send it to us, and we will publish it for you.

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Stuffed Courgettes (Γεμιστά Κολοκυθάκια) 7901
Salad Omelette (σαλάτα ομελέτα) 2941
Village Chicken with Sage (Κοτόπουλο Village με Φασκόμηλο) 5423
Bakaliaros Tiganitos (μπακαλιάρος tiganitos) 2685
Macaroni with hot sauce (Μακαρόνια με καυτερή σάλτσα) 2790
Sticky Lemon Curd Cake (κολλώδης κέικ λεμόνι πηγμένο γάλα για τυρί) 2597
Lasagna With Steamed Spinach and Roasted Courgette (Λαζάνια με σπανάκι στον ατμό και ψητό κολοκύθι) 2684
Chicken Burgers with Tzatziki (Μπιφτέκια κοτόπουλου με Τζατζίκι) 1756
Keftedes (Κεφτεδάκια) 1574
Baked Feta Cheese with Oregano (Ψητή Φέτα με Ρίγανη) 1396
Chicken & Chickpea Salad (Κοτόπουλο και ρεβίθια σαλάτα) 2101
Giant beans in the oven (Φασόλια γίγαντες στο φούρνο) 1676
Honey yogurt cheesecake (Μέλι τσεισκέικ γιαούρτι) 1564
Greek Peas with Tomato and Dill (Ελληνική Αρακάς με ντομάτα και άνηθο) 1919
Pasta with Tomato Sauce and Feta (Ζυμαρικά με σάλτσα ντομάτας και φέτα) 2571
Sweet Cheese Pastries (καλιτσούνια Κρήτης) 1286
Souvlaki (σουβλάκι) 1678
Fava (Pease Pudding) (φάβα) 1209
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 1554
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 1263
Dakos: Cretan Meze (Ντάκος: Κρητικό μεζέ) 1620
Garlic Pasta Salad (Το σκόρδο σαλάτα ζυμαρικών) 1890
Custard Pie (Πίτα κρέμας) 1655
Fava (φάβα) 1516
Chicken in Lemon Sauce (Κοτόπουλο λεμονάτο) 2133
Pastitsio (Παστίτσιο) 1525
Halvas (Χαλβάς) 1851
Fish Pie (Πίτα Ψάρια) 2115
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 1490
Afelia (Αφέλια) 2046
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 1102
Okra and Potatoes in Tomato Sauce (Μπάμιες και πατάτες σε σάλτσα ντομάτας) 2092
Rabbit Stew (Κουνέλι Στιφάδο) 1301
Cheese Pie (τυρόπιτα) 1435
Hortopita (Χορτόπιτα) 1326
Bean soup (φασολάδα) 1403
Tuna and Spinach Pasta Bake (Τόνος και Σπανάκι Ζυμαρικά Ψήστε) 2184
Dolmades (Stuffed Vine Leaves) (Ντολμάδες (ντολμαδάκια)) 1394
Clementine and Cinnamon Layer Cake (Clementine και Κανέλα στρώμα κέικ) 1224
Soutzoukakia Smyrneika (Σουτζουκάκια Σμυρνέικα) 2993
Spiced Olive Oil Cake (Πικάντικη Ελαιόλαδο κέικ) 1222
Moussaka (μουσακάς) 1986

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