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Thu, Oct 18, 2018
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Cretan Cuisine

Cretan cuisine (Κρητική κουζίνα)

We appreciate that the traditional Cretan diet is known as being one of the healthiest in the world. Several studies have been carried out to test the effect of Cretan cuisine on human health. The island had attracted the attention of the scientific community as early as 1948.

Cretan cuisine is the traditional cuisine of the Mediterranean island of Crete.

The core of the cuisine consists of food derived from natural sources, whereas food of animal origin was more peripheral in nature. In general, people consumed seasonal products, available in the wider local area, which underwent minimal processing or none at all. The traditional cuisine was widespread in the island until the 1960s.

Fresh and dried fruits, pulses, endemic wild herbs and aromatic plants, and rough cereals, whose cultivation was favored by the regional climate, were consumed in great amounts and constituted the base of the Cretan cuisine during that period. Dairy products were consumed on a daily basis in low to moderate quantities. Poultry and fish were consumed on a weekly basis in moderate quantities, whereas red meat was consumed only a few times a month. The main supply of fat was effectuated by olive oil, which was used not only in salads but also in cooking. Another essential feature of the Cretan cuisine was the moderate use of alcohol, mainly red wine which accompanied meals. Finally, the most common dessert was fresh fruits, while traditional pastry based on honey had been consumed a few times a week.

Initially, the protective effect of the Cretan cuisine for human health was attributed to its high monounsaturated fat content, due to the daily use of olive oil, as well as to low saturated fat, due to the low consumption of red meat. Today it is recognized that this particular nutritional scheme possesses important additional features, providing the necessary micro-constituents (i.e. vitamins and minerals), being rich in ω-3 fatty acids, vegetable fibers, antioxidants and various photochemical, which have significant influence on several body functions, and a beneficial effect on health.

So now we will look at the actual recipies used in Crete and the wider area of Greece, if anyone has a favourite recipe that they would like published please send it to us, and we will publish it for you.

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Stuffed Courgettes (Γεμιστά Κολοκυθάκια) 9542
Salad Omelette (σαλάτα ομελέτα) 4625
Village Chicken with Sage (Κοτόπουλο Village με Φασκόμηλο) 6831
Bakaliaros Tiganitos (μπακαλιάρος tiganitos) 4418
Macaroni with hot sauce (Μακαρόνια με καυτερή σάλτσα) 4230
Sticky Lemon Curd Cake (κολλώδης κέικ λεμόνι πηγμένο γάλα για τυρί) 4090
Lasagna With Steamed Spinach and Roasted Courgette (Λαζάνια με σπανάκι στον ατμό και ψητό κολοκύθι) 4215
Chicken Burgers with Tzatziki (Μπιφτέκια κοτόπουλου με Τζατζίκι) 3263
Keftedes (Κεφτεδάκια) 3166
Baked Feta Cheese with Oregano (Ψητή Φέτα με Ρίγανη) 2769
Chicken & Chickpea Salad (Κοτόπουλο και ρεβίθια σαλάτα) 3426
Giant beans in the oven (Φασόλια γίγαντες στο φούρνο) 3086
Honey yogurt cheesecake (Μέλι τσεισκέικ γιαούρτι) 2837
Greek Peas with Tomato and Dill (Ελληνική Αρακάς με ντομάτα και άνηθο) 3363
Pasta with Tomato Sauce and Feta (Ζυμαρικά με σάλτσα ντομάτας και φέτα) 3959
Sweet Cheese Pastries (καλιτσούνια Κρήτης) 2678
Souvlaki (σουβλάκι) 3222
Fava (Pease Pudding) (φάβα) 2704
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 4030
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 3580
Dakos: Cretan Meze (Ντάκος: Κρητικό μεζέ) 3037
Garlic Pasta Salad (Το σκόρδο σαλάτα ζυμαρικών) 3286
Custard Pie (Πίτα κρέμας) 3222
Fava (φάβα) 2878
Chicken in Lemon Sauce (Κοτόπουλο λεμονάτο) 3608
Pastitsio (Παστίτσιο) 2949
Halvas (Χαλβάς) 3789
Fish Pie (Πίτα Ψάρια) 4002
Farmer's Bread (Οι αγρότες Ψωμί) 2999
Afelia (Αφέλια) 4440
Shrimp with Feta & Tomatoes (Γαρίδες με φέτα και ντομάτα) 2427
Okra and Potatoes in Tomato Sauce (Μπάμιες και πατάτες σε σάλτσα ντομάτας) 4550
Rabbit Stew (Κουνέλι Στιφάδο) 3037
Cheese Pie (τυρόπιτα) 3085
Hortopita (Χορτόπιτα) 3095
Bean soup (φασολάδα) 3323
Tuna and Spinach Pasta Bake (Τόνος και Σπανάκι Ζυμαρικά Ψήστε) 4193
Dolmades (Stuffed Vine Leaves) (Ντολμάδες (ντολμαδάκια)) 3030
Clementine and Cinnamon Layer Cake (Clementine και Κανέλα στρώμα κέικ) 2824
Soutzoukakia Smyrneika (Σουτζουκάκια Σμυρνέικα) 5131
Spiced Olive Oil Cake (Πικάντικη Ελαιόλαδο κέικ) 2969
Moussaka (μουσακάς) 4671

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